Although the northern part of South America extends north of the Equator and four-fifths of its landmass is located within the tropics, it also reaches subantarctic latitudes.
Popular Unity years[ edit ] Marchers for Salvador Allende. Meanwhile, the towns and states of central Amazonia continued to be home to complex, hierarchical societies. At the beginning of the Quaternary Period about 2.
These landforms extend lengthwise through the five latitudinal geographic regions into which the country is customarily subdivided. Most remained neutral during World War 1, and played little part in World War 2. Init signed the Boundary Treaty of between Chile and Argentina confirming Chilean sovereignty over the Strait of Magellanbut conceding all of oriental Patagoniaand a considerable fraction of the territory it had during colonial times.
Since the advent of the Holocene Epoch 11, years ago the Chilean Andes have not changed significantly, but they still experience uplift and episodic volcanic eruptions.
One of the most famous recent events to occur in Chile was when 33 miners were trapped deep within a gold mine in San Jose. Presidents and constitutions rose and fell quickly in the s. The war that followed was called the Reconquista.
The unrest caused by his rule which was further aggravated by the US government eventually lead to a military takeover of the government.
The junta jailed, tortured, and executed thousands of Chileans. This lead to nearly years of warfare. The formation of the western Andes ranges began during the Jurassic Periodsome million years ago.
Picture of the presidential election in Chile. The surviving indigenous groups consist of the Aymara, in the north, and the Mapuche, who number roughlyand continue to inhabit the forested areas of the lake district. The Falkland Malvinas Islands are east of southern Argentina.
Chile hosted one of the largest standing armies in the Americas, making it one of the most militarized of the Spanish possessions, as well as a drain on the treasury of the Viceroyalty of Peru. All of these summits are capped by eternal snow that feeds the numerous rivers of central Chile.
The constitution also created an independent judiciary, guaranteed inheritance of estates by primogeniture, and installed Catholicism as the state religion.
About 30, left the country. There are exceptions to this discouraging picture. Today these salt lake basins salaresthe most noted of which is the Atacama Salt Flat, are evaporating to the point of disappearing. The crippled economy was further battered by prolonged and sometimes simultaneous strikes by physicians, teachers, students, truck owners, copper workers, and the small business class.
He installed the "autocratic republic", which centralized authority in the national government. Chile is also a land of extreme natural events: The "Portalian State" was institutionalized by the Chilean Constitution of It became the key force in coalition governments for the next 20 years.
There significant heights are still reached: Capable of marshalling full cavalry forces and even modern artillery, the Mapuche succeeded in holding onto their autonomy until the middle of the century, when large numbers of armed settlers gradually moved into the region.
Inthe Chileans decided to fight for their independence from Spain. ByChilean society had grown highly polarized, between strong opponents and equally strong supporters of Salvador Allende and his government.
Next map, South America in What is happening in South America in CE In the late 18th centuryseveral factors — economic rigidities in the Spanish colonial system, lack of political freedom, and the example, first of the American Revolution and then of the French Revolution — created a restive climate amongst the educated classes in South America.
The abolition of slavery by the Spanish crown in was done in recognition that enslaving the Mapuche intensified resistance rather than cowing them into submission.Chile. Easter Island. A Brief History of Easter Island's Incredible Moai Statues.
Juliette Sivertsen. Updated: 4 May Share this article: The Moai are some of the world’s most fascinating and widely-recognised monolithic statues. CHILE History & Culture: The invading army seemed at first to be enjoying the same success that the Incas were experiencing all over South America, and they advanced about half way down the valley's five hundred mile length.
However, the Incas soon found that they had met their match in the Mapuche, who decisively defeated the Incan. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,mi (4, km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific.
One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. Brief History of Chile Early Settlement. Before being discovered by the Europeans, Chile was inhabited by several tribes of Native Americans; including the Inca in the north and the Araucanian tribes in the south.
In Ferdinand Magellan. Chile’s Early History and People. Nestled between the South American west coast and the Andes Mountain Range, the fertile lands of Chile have been home to settlements and societies since as far back as 2,BC. Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations.
It has been relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that have blighted the continent. The exception was theDownload