In Rome, the cult of ancestors and the family was not a model for society. Thus, the Assyrians and the Persians were both empires, but they ran in rather different ways. To govern expanding population and territory, the state instituted provinces with centrally appointed governors selected on ability and merit, who replaced feudal aristocrats in local administration.
The five centuries prior of unification of China were divided into two periods, traditionally called the Spring and Autumn period named after the Spring and Autumn Annals complied by Confucius, an aristocrat who lived toward its end and the Warring-states period.
This allowed for a powerful and an ever-expanding kingdom. Aristocrats punished offenders, but had no published laws to regulate the application of punishments. The two governments could not afford this burden and failed to extend the life of the empire and they fundamentally collapsed. This was not the case for the Han as the merchant class was restricted by the government.
These men, along with the senate also played a vital role in the picking of an emperor and maintained a great deal of loyalty to him. Not surprisingly private property rights were sacrosanct and a central concern of Roman laws.
The precociousness of high culture relative to political and economic developments enabled bronze-age ideals to be frozen into the tenets of Confucianism and sway imperial China for more than two millennia.
Meanwhile, the city-sized states gradually coalesced into large territorial states. Roman wars were mainly financed by indemnities exacted from losers plus systematic looting and enslavement.
The broad borders of the two empires required too much maintenance and were quite expensive. The rule by laws earned them the hatred of aristocrats, who condemned it for cruelty and immorality. It is unknown whether Constantine actually accepted Christianity, but he supported the church as did numerous succeeding rulers.
This religion eventually influenced many decisions and beliefs of future rulers of Rome. Private land ownership began to spread. The development of an effective civilian bureaucracy before the scale of wars escalated in the late-warring states period partly explained why, unlike the Roman world, prolonged and intense warfare did not breed an army that went beyond government control to the benefit of military dynasts.
The middle class was free from government constraints in Rome, which allowed for economic mobility. In terms of technology, economic development, and political organization, China in the Spring and Autumn period lagged far behind that of the early Roman Republic.
The middle class was free from government constraints in Rome, which allowed for economic mobility. Land previously uncultivable yielded to the plow. While the Han appeared to benefit from the doctrines of Confucius, Christianity appealed to the Romans, but after its acceptance from Constantine.
Furthermore, Legalists issued regulations for government officers and meted out punishments for abuses, even to aristocrats and relatives. During the first two centuries of the Republic, the commons organized an assembly of their own, resisted arbitrary coercive power of the aristocrats, and won for themselves significant liberty.
Both were empires in what we now call the Middle East. It caught up during the Warring-states period, when Legalist reformers prepared the institutional foundations of the imperial China. It more specifically appealed to the lower classes such as women, slaves, and the poor.
Buddhism, a heresy to Confucius idea, was just emerging in China and did not grasp the majority until the post-Han era.
The broad borders of the two empires required too much maintenance and were quite expensive. This may explain why there was never a reemergence of the Roman imperial model.
Many proud proprietary farmers who marched out with the legions returned to find themselves dispossessed.The Rise and Fall of the Roman and Early Chinese Empires.
Two thousand years ago, the Old World of civilization underwent its first imperial age. but until recently, few attempts existed to compare the two. 1. The Roman Empire and Han China of the first century CE superimposed on today's political map. In contrast to the elegant.
Compare and Contrast Two Great Empires The Roman Principate and the Han dynasty were two very competent empires that left lasting influences in the areas of their expansion, even following their demise. Compare and Contrast Two Great Empires By admin In Essay Samples On May 21, The Roman Principate and the Han dynasty were two very competent empires that left lasting influences in the areas of their expansion, even following their demise.
Compare and Contrast Two Great Empires BY H20cean The Roman Principate and the Han dynasty were two very competent empires that left lasting influences in the areas of their expansion, even following their demise.
Both empires you mentioned struggled with these, but Persia was more an overlay empire than a "hearts and minds" empire--that is, they didn't try to get their conquered peoples to think like them, just to knuckle under and pay tribute.
- More than two thousand years ago, two great empires arose. The Chinese and the Roman Empires. Having different locations, there were obvious differences from the start, assembly and the collapse of the empires, but there were also astonishing similarities.Download