Economic policies affecting agriculture The search for proximate causes of both agricultural and general economic stagnation in Ethiopia since the mids leads to a set of interrelated structural constraints and policy factors.
The second most populous African country after Nigeria, Ethiopia has a population of The former face increased exposure to discrimination and marginalization in the host society; due to their legal status young migrants have limited access to social services such as health care and social security.
The same is true with medical facilities. I pointed out earlier in this speech that strong cultural and linguistic, religious and historical links traditionally existed across the borders of the Central Asian countries Economic factors affecting tajikistan their re-emergence is ever more noticeable.
Advocates for Youth Although the plan was never implemented, its provisions - along with the uncertain land tenure system and the frequent land reallocations within PAs - created great Economic factors affecting tajikistan among individual farm households and acted as a disincentive to long-term investments by farmers as well as to sustainable farm practices.
While it is true that UNHCR has funded the provision of extra police officers in Tanzania, as well as the Presidential Guard in Goma, and has supplied office equipment to some local government departments, these initiatives have been designed essentially to support local structures in their work with refugees, and the primary beneficiaries have not been the local communities.
Examples of the devastating impact of large refugee populations on the eco-systems and on the infra-structure of a host countries can be found in the experiences of the Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan in hosting Afghan refugees.
But, if a sudden and unplanned change takes place, it may lead to a serious, uncontrolled imbalance with an impact on the whole eco-system, both in the directly affected area and beyond.
This suspicion was reinforced by their perception of the somewhat grandiose scale of the projects which they were asked to finance and the limited capacity of the countries concerned to make effective use of such large resource allocations.
A brief description of the policies implemented as well as their effects help explain the nature and magnitude of the problems facing Ethiopia today. However, it is possible that much of the wood collected by refugees is used for social fires in the evenings - for light and companionship and for warmth and protection against biting flies.
Overrefugees have been housed with family or friends in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Young people of both genders are the primary victims of violence: UNHCR has attempted to preserve trees near the camps that should be retained for the future by marking them with white paint - a good idea as long as other sources of fuel are relatively abundant.
This was particularly so in relation to the environment. For example, a review of the impact of refugee health services in eastern Kivu, Zaire, identified several problems, not the least of which was a failure of agencies to consult and coordinate with local health authorities.
More than ever, rigid doctrines and dogmas are inadequate and counterproductive. If the trend continues, land covered by soil with a depth of less than 10 cm will constitute 18 percent of the highland area by the year Among the numerous issues currently facing Ethiopian policy-makers, two are analysed more extensively in this report: Current issues in agricultural development The country: Democracy and democratic institutions alone are unlikely to bring long term stability to countries whose people grapple daily with poverty and a challenging quality of life, without access to appropriate education, adequate health care and decent housing, and for whom the very notion of good governance is often or has become, an alien concept.
Ultimately, only the dispersion of refugees to smaller, more physically-separated camps offers a sustainable long-term solution and in Tanzania and Zaire this has not proven acceptable to the local and national authorities. In Zimbabwe, the World Food Programme WFP is supporting the Government to address the root causes of vulnerability through activities that strengthen safety nets and build resilience, while also providing life-saving humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable people, including refugees, during severe seasonal shocks.
The functioning of the public procurement system created a market "dualism".The article contains general information on youth-related issues in El Salvador.
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Social and economic impact of large refugee populations on host developing countriesSocial and economic impact of large refugee populations on host developing countries.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among billsimas.comic inequality sometimes refers to income inequality, wealth inequality, or the wealth billsimas.comists generally focus on economic disparity in three metrics: wealth, income, and consumption.
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