Russia up to Up until this period, the Russian Empire was a European superpower. When Tsar Alexander II ascended the throne indesire for reform was widespread.
Their power was limited and their advice could be dismissed. To replace Muslim refugees who had fled across the new frontier into Ottoman territory the Russian authorities settled large numbers of Christians from an ethnically diverse range How succesful was the tsarist regime communities in Kars Oblast, particularly the GeorgiansCaucasus Greeks and Armenianseach of whom hoped to achieve protection and advance their own regional ambitions on the back of the Russian Empire.
The tough prime minster, Pytor Peter Stolypin, and the use of the military caused the Russians to be frightened, giving into their control. Access to the Baltic was blocked by Sweden, whose territory enclosed it on three sides.
Workers demanded higher pay and governments adapted their policies to changing social conditions. In order to repress further revolts, censorship was intensified, including the constant surveillance of schools and universities.
InRussia was ruled by Tsar Nicholas I, who avoided modernisation and industrialisation. Disappointment at the results of the war stimulated revolutionary tensions, and helped SerbiaRomania and Montenegro to gain independence from and strengthen themselves against the Ottomans.
There was no place for freedom of speech and political debate. See Image 5 The nobility were concerned only with maintaining their high standing and wealth. Police spies were planted everywhere.
Around him were advisors who comprised the imperial council and cabinet of ministers. The eleven-month siege of a Russian naval base at Sevastopol during the Crimean War Russian troops taking Samarkand 8 June Capturing of the Turkish redoubt during the Siege of Plevna In —55 Russia lost to Britain, France and Turkey in the Crimean Warwhich was fought primarily in the Crimean peninsulaand to a lesser extent in the Baltic.
The bureaucracy, judiciary and military were populated by corrupt officers. Autocratic government This vast, diverse Empire was ruled by a series of Tsars.
But the revolt was easily crushed, leading Nicholas to turn away from the modernization program begun by Peter the Great and champion the doctrine of Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationality.
Furthermore, most of the population were illiterate and many still existed as serfs - effectively slaves under the control of wealthy landowners.
In fact, the only way in which Tsarist autocracy could be challenged was by acts of violent rebellion. Considering herself an enlightened absolutistshe played a key role in the Russian Enlightenment.
The Imperial Standard of the Tsar, used from to The war ended in when an exhausted Sweden asked for peace with Russia.
As a result, Pan-Slavists were left with a legacy of bitterness against Austria-Hungary and Germany for failing to back Russia.
All the property turned over to the peasants was owned collectively by the mir, the village community, which divided the land among the peasants and supervised the various holdings.
The secret police Okhrana were very active, arresting the public offenders on the streets resulting in fewer strikes. The deficit required borrowing, primarily from Amsterdam; five percent of the budget was allocated to debt payments. Alexander also encouraged the development of capitalism and industrialisation.
France, Britain and Austria tried to intervene in the crisis but were unable to do so. Groups who opposed the autocratic absolute power held by one person Tsarist structure were driven to extremism. He instituted sweeping reforms and oversaw the transformation of Russia into a major European power.
Russian nationalist opinion became a major domestic factor in its support for liberating Balkan Christians from Ottoman rule and making Bulgaria and Serbia independent.The Tsarist regime, Background, The Russian Revolution, SOSE: History, Year 9, NSW Introduction As many countries in Europe industrialised their economy and liberalised their political structure, Russia was bound by the conservative nature of the Tsarist regime.
The economic, social and political tensions that emerged in. Start studying How successful was the tsarist regime in overcoming the economic backwardness of Russia in the years to ?
(24 marks). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Feb 21, · How successfully did the Tsarist regime deal with the difficulties of ruling Russia from to ?Status: Resolved.
Western Civ. II Mid-term. STUDY. PLAY. John Locke was responsible for: a political work called the Two Treatises of Government. Vera Zasulich's successful use of violence against the tsarist regime in Russia led: to the assassination of Tsar Alexander II by radicals known as the People's Will.
In order to discover why the regime fell so quickly, it is necessary to look at the number of different factors which led the Tsarist regime to fall in March Tsar Nicholas II's regime was autocratic, which means that the rule of the country is placed on the ruling of one person in this case, Nicholas II.
how succesful was the tsarist regime Essay How successfully did the Tsarist regime deal with the difficulties of ruling Russia between and ? Ruling Russia between and was very difficult: the government was not democratic, peasants and workers were extremely angry because of the living conditions in the countryside and the.Download